Get the latest information from CDC coronavirus. People who engage in drug use or high-risk behaviors associated with drug use put themselves at risk for contracting or transmitting viral infections such as human immunodeficiency virus HIV , acquired immune deficiency syndrome AIDS , or hepatitis. This is because viruses spread through blood or other body fluids. It happens primarily in two ways: 1 when people inject drugs and share needles or other drug equipment and 2 when drugs impair judgment and people have unprotected sex with an infected partner. This can happen with both men and women.
What to know about hepatitis A, B, and C | PhillyVoice
Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men have a higher chance of getting viral hepatitis including Hepatitis A, B, and C, which are diseases that affect the liver. Many men have not been vaccinated against Hepatitis A and B, even though a safe and effective vaccine is available. Gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men also have a higher chance of getting Hepatitis C if they are involved in high-risk behaviors, such as injection drug use and other activities that result in blood sharing. While there is no vaccine for Hepatitis C, there are new, effective treatments. Hepatitis A is usually spread when a person accidentally swallows fecal matter stool —even in really small amounts—that has the Hepatitis A virus in it. The virus can be spread through contact with objects, food, or drinks contaminated by the feces, or stool, of a person who has the virus. Among gay and bisexual men, Hepatitis A can be spread through sexual activity or contact with fingers or objects that have the virus on it.
It is usually spread by eating food or drinking water contaminated with infected feces. The hepatitis A vaccine is effective for prevention. Globally, around 1. Early symptoms of hepatitis A infection can be mistaken for influenza , but some sufferers, especially children, exhibit no symptoms at all. Symptoms typically appear 2 to 6 weeks the incubation period after the initial infection.
Hepatitis B is an infectious disease caused by the hepatitis B virus HBV that affects the liver ;   it is a type of viral hepatitis. The virus is transmitted by exposure to infectious blood or body fluids. The infection has been preventable by vaccination since About a third of the world population has been infected at one point in their lives.