The Asian elephant Elephas maximus , also called Asiatic elephant, is the only living species of the genus Elephas and is distributed in the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia , from India and Nepal in the west to Borneo in the south. Three subspecies are recognised—E. The Asian elephant is the largest living land animal in Asia. Since , the Asian elephant has been listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List , as the population has declined by at least 50 percent over the last three generations, estimated to be 60—75 years. It is primarily threatened by loss of habitat, habitat degradation, fragmentation and poaching.
These elephants are extremely intelligent animals and are one of the only mammals known to recognize itself in a mirror. They are also very social, forming groups of six to eight elephants which is lead by an older female called a matriarch. Asian elephants are smaller than their African cousins. Their ears are much smaller and slightly resemble the shape of the continent of Asia.
These sanctuaries are currently Pat passed away in February of this year after a long battle with cancer. The reason the management of elephants in captivity is coming under such scrutiny, is not, as the author states, because zoos and sanctuaries offer different environments for elephants, but because zoos and sanctuaries have different philosophies about captivity itself.
This affords these species the utmost protection. The convention is an international cooperation mechanism committed to conserving all migratory wild species. It reflects the realisation that animals do not recognise international borders and acknowledges the need to protect their natural migration pathways.