Same-sex marriage , also known as gay marriage , is the marriage of two people of the same sex or gender , entered into in a civil or religious ceremony. There are records of same-sex marriage dating back to the first century. In the modern era, marriage equality was first granted to same-sex couples in the Netherlands on 1 April As of January , same-sex marriage was legally performed and recognized in 29 countries nationwide or in some jurisdictions :. The introduction of same-sex marriage has varied by jurisdiction, and came about through legislative change to marriage law , court rulings based on constitutional guarantees of equality, recognition that it is allowed by existing marriage law,  or by direct popular vote via referendums and initiatives. The recognition of same-sex marriage is considered to be a human right and a civil right as well as a political, social, and religious issue.
The people of Benin begin a lasting tradition of sculpture in brass, melted down from objects brought by traders. The lively realism of Kamal-ud-din Bihzad lays the basis of both the Persian and the Mughal schools of painting. Even the remote city of Machu Picchu, on its peak above the jungle, is built in the massively precise Inca style of masonry. The first etchings are printed in Augsburg, from iron plates. Go to Augsburg in World Encyclopedia 1 ed. Nanak, the first of the Sikh gurus, takes to the road as a wandering teacher.
Five Malaysian men were sentenced to jail and caning on Thursday by an Islamic court for attempting to have gay sex, reports and an activist said. Brunei's sultan has announced death by stoning for gay sex and adultery will not be enforced after a global backlash, but critics today called for harsh sharia laws to be abandoned entirely. Brunei's sultan called for Islamic teachings in the country to be strengthened as strict new sharia punishments, including death by stoning for gay sex and adultery, were due to come into force on Wednesday. Brunei's imposition of harsh sharia laws, including death by stoning for gay sex and adultery, is a bid by the country's ruler to boost support among conservatives and highlights a steady drift away from the West, observers say.