March 30, -- Was Mahatma Gandhi gay? A new book by Pulitzer-Prize winning author Joseph Lelyveld claims the god-like Indian figure not only left his wife for a man, but also harbored racist attitudes. Gandhi, who led India to independence and is a universal symbol of peaceful resistance, had another side -- a more human one. His lover was Hermann Kallenbach, a German-Jewish architect and bodybuilder. The couple built their love nest during Gandhi's time in South Africa where he arrived as a year-old law clerk in and lived for 21 years, Lelyveld writes.
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His nickname, "Black Jack", referred to his perpetually dark-tanned skin and his flamboyant lifestyle. Michel immigrated to Philadelphia in after fighting in the Napoleonic Wars , worked for Joseph Bonaparte , married, was widowed, and then married Louise Clifford Vernou. In addition to crafting fine furniture, Michel Bouvier had a business distributing firewood. To support that business, he acquired large tracts of forested land, some of which contained a large reserve of coal. Michel further grew his fortune in real estate speculation.
Howard Dresner coined the term "business intelligence" in while an analyst at research firm Gartner Inc. At that time, the software industry was mired in acronyms like DSS decision support system and EIS executive information system , and Dresner was seeking a term that would elevate the debate and better define the analysis of quantitative information by a wide variety of users. He left Gartner in to join Hyperion Solutions Corp.