A theory guides and helps us interpret research findings as well. It provides the researcher with a blueprint or model to be used to help piece together various studies. Think of theories are guidelines much like directions that come with an appliance or other object that required assembly. The instructions can help one piece together smaller parts more easily than if trial and error are used. Theories can be developed using induction in which a number of single cases are observed and after patterns or similarities are noted, the theorist develops ideas based on these examples. Established theories are then tested through research; however, not all theories are equally suited to scientific investigation.
Born in Vienna , he was one of Sigmund Freud 's closest colleagues for 20 years, a prolific writer on psychoanalytic themes, editor of the two leading analytic journals of the era, managing director of Freud's publishing house, and a creative theorist and therapist. In , Rank left Vienna for Paris and, for the remainder of his life, led a successful career as a lecturer, writer, and therapist in France and the United States. In , at the age of 21, Otto Rank presented Freud with a short manuscript on the artist, a study that so impressed Freud he invited Rank to become Secretary of the emerging Vienna Psychoanalytic Society. Rank thus became the first paid member of the psychoanalytic movement, and Freud's "right-hand man" for almost 20 years. Freud considered Rank, with whom he was more intimate intellectually than his own sons, to be the most brilliant of his Viennese disciples.
A man who pushed boundaries and social norms, as well as legendary neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, allow these Sigmund Freud quotes to get you thinking outside of the box. Sigmund Freud left a lasting mark on psychology and culture. Although most of his ideas have fallen out of favor in psychology, he certainly changed the way people think about the human mind and behavior. The legendary neurologist was born in the Austrian town of Freiberg on May 6, He qualified as a doctor of medicine in , after which he worked and gained respect as a physician.
We begin with the often controversial figure, Sigmund Freud. Freud has been a very influential figure in the area of development; his view of development and psychopathology dominated the field of psychiatry until the growth of behaviorism in the s. We have only recently begun to recognize that early childhood experiences do not always result in certain personality traits or emotional states.